What is social democracy?
Social democracy is probably the political ideology in vogue or with which -supposedly- most contemporary political parties identify.
This ideology grew out of an internal split in socialism at the end of the 19th century. It is difficult to arrive at a precise definition of what social democrats defend. The theoretical elaborations of the groups and individuals who identify with this term have varied throughout history.
Emerging within the Marxist labour movement, social democracy pointed to the importance of the achievements of democracy through universal suffrage and the possibility of political contribution through popular assemblies.
The growth and massification of these parties brought some consequences; the need to forge alliances with other sectors (not only the working class), and the distance between the base of the parties and their leaders, the latter increasingly aligned with the interests of the bourgeoisie.
Until the mid-1910s, the Social Democratic parties still recognized themselves as revolutionary parties. However, with the twitch of World War I, with the Social Democrats supporting the leaders of their respective countries, and the success of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, a change of scenery created a split within socialism.
On the one hand, the communists, influenced by Lenin and the Russian Revolution, continued to defend the need for a revolution that would radically break the capitalist mode of production. On the other hand, the social democrats argued that, following the partisan path, it would be possible to advance a series of reforms within capitalism, small gains that could be accumulated in the victory of socialism itself.
For the latter, communism represented a stern face of socialism, while social democracy would be a democratic face. However, over time he focused on minor reforms. However, it should be noted that they were responsible for many benefits for the European working class.
At the end of World War II, social democracy differentiated itself from genuine socialism, considering itself liberal but a vigorous defence of the welfare state.
Currently, the social democratic parties are in the centre of the political spectrum, differing from the right in the importance they give to the protection of the environment, the most vulnerable sectors of society, labour rights, and the regulation of the adult film market. . .
Some countries with a strong social democratic tradition are Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain, New Zealand, Belgium, and Northern Europe.
Characteristics of social democratic political parties today
Social democracy currently proposes the following:
- A mixed economy (a combination of socialist and capitalist principles) is democratically controlled.
- Education, universal health care, child care, and related social services for all citizens are free (with high taxes).
- A welfare state aims that everyone has the same opportunities and that citizens have a good quality of life in case of unemployment, pensions, etc.
- Government agencies regulate private businesses to protect workers and consumers (no price
- Representative democracy within the framework of the rule of law.
- The protection of the environment and the safety of the environment through laws.
- Medium/high taxes to finance public spending.
- A secular and progressive social policy. For abortion, same-sex marriage, etc.
- Promotion of social justice, human rights, gross social rights, civil rights, and civil liberties.
Finance Mattress For Bedroom – Definition, Mattress Without Problems, Advantages, and, More
Definition Finance Mattress for Bedroom Means taking or purchasing a mattress on an Installment basis or Equated Monthly Installment (EMI)…
Fashion Plus Size Women – Definition, Plus Size Fashion Tips, clothes that fit your size, and More
Fashion Plus Size Women – Definition Fashion Tips for Plus-size Women means little fat in personality and living Style. The…
Sober Living – Definition, Benefits, Rules, and More.
Definition Sober Living means a person or people who live very simple and without much demand in their life –…
Engagement Ring -Tips for Shopping, Types, How to Choose?, and More
Tips for Shopping Engagement Ring – Choose the ring. It’s essential to make sure you know the dimension of your…
PERFECT DESTINATIONS FOR FAMILY TRAVELS
Family travels are exceptional and enriching, so we must bear in mind that we are experiencing a complicated situation worldwide,…
GUIDE TO TRAVEL TO BERLIN: VISITS, HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
Travel to Berlin is always a great plan. It is one of the most modern cities in Europe, very safe…
TRAVEL TO BALI – DISCOVERING INDONESIA
The Republic of Indonesia comprises more than 17,000 islands, whose great beauty you can appreciate with a trip to the…
GUIDE TO TRAVEL TO POLAND: VISITS, HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS
Travel to Poland, you can see at every step the significant impact of the Second World War and the subsequent…