Principles of Project Management – Write about it? Techniques, Fundamental, and More
Table of Contents
Write About Project Management?
The principles of project management are the use of knowledge, tools, skills, and techniques within the framework of a project to satisfy. All of the stakeholders’ expectations concerning the latter. The project manager administers every detail on a day-to-day basis. Whenever it is a daily challenge requiring good organization and understanding of the context of the project and good collaboration of the members who participate in it.
Whenever, project management is the organization of all the activities, tools, techniques and skills necessary to achieve the objectives set within the time limits. The manager is, therefore here, a kind of conductor who must adjust the scores of each member of his team throughout the life cycle of the project and ensure the smooth running of the process.
Principles of Project Management in Detail
Set a benchmark – Financial
Whenever, periodically compare the achievement and the frame of reference. Periodically evaluate the achievement Compare the achievement and structure of reference trigger corrective actions. Set a new frame of reference, Carry out the assessments
Achievement and Assessment Operating assessment
The principle: set a benchmark!
- Identify the constraints (deadlines, costs, etc.)
- Develop project specifications
- Prepare the development plan
Break down the project into basic tasks
- Identify all contributors
- Define task sequencing
- Make forecasts
- Duration Cost
- Make the reference
Identify critical tasks
- Ensure that they present the least risk of slippage
- Who says project management says risk management!
- The purpose of all the tools and methods related to project management is risk control.
- Therefore, the project manager is not appointed to “make a schedule” but to take preventive measures
- It is, therefore, necessary to develop the capacity for analysis beforehand
- Identify and implement preventive measures
These are the keys to good project management. The more you plan, the more you anticipate, and you will have total control of your projects.
Principles of Project Management – Techniques
Now that you’ve got the definition down, here are the principles of project management you need to master to sharpen your management skills and grow your career.
Structuring the project
However, before you start working, it is crucial to define the overall structure of your project. You will have to determine the budget, the schedule, and the different stages to be respected.
Set Specific Objectives
Each stage of the project must be accompanied by clear and specific ideas that will allow you to guide your team’s work throughout the process efficiently. To help you, you can rely on OKR or SMART type methods. You will thus ensure that your collaborators understand the challenges of each phase of the project while facilitating the monitoring of operations.
Defining Roles and Expectations
Another essential principle of project management is to define roles within your team openly and communicate. In other words, at all stages, each employee must know exactly what to do and understand the results to be achieved.
Empowering the team
Once the roles have been assigning , it is much easier for the project manager to confirm that each team member takes responsibility for the tasks that have been personally assigning to them. Regular communication will also allow you to assess progress and make any necessary adjustments fast.
Follow the progress of the project and demonstrate responsiveness
In the event of difficulties, unforeseen circumstances or questions, it is essential to respond as quickly as possible to minimize potential errors. It is also necessary to remain flexible to react quickly if the client wishes to make changes or is forces to restrict his budget. Whenever, Short daily meetings are often an excellent opportunity to address these imperatives and adjust the schedule or resources early if the team begins to fall behind or run into particular difficulties.
Analyze the results
The work is not finishes once the project is delivering . The team leader must first ensure that his collaborators have finished all the requires tasks and achieving the objectives. However he must then carry out an analysis, which will allow him to identify the points to be improves and the good practices to perpetuate. It can also be interesting to ask for your team’s feelings during this phase.
Whenever, effective project management also involves using the proper techniques. Methods have abounded in recent years, so you’re spoiled for choice, maybe even too many. Here are the most exciting project management tools to make your job easier.
Fundamentals Of Project Management
However, project management is a skill that is no longer limites to project managers. Any manager who wishes to succeed in his professional life must call upon managerial skills and apply them effectively to the management of projects.
Initialization or definition of the project: This is the pre-project phase which defines the objectives and the specifications of the project
Planning: This involves preparing the project’s content precisely and planning the execution of tasks and responsibilities, taking into account deadlines, costs, and resources.
Execution: The project is running. Whenever, the service or product is performing following the project plan
Monitoring and follow-up: Monitoring a project is an ongoing process that concerns ongoing activities. This phase collects and analyses data over time to measure progress against expecting results.
Closing: This phase marks the completion of the activity and results in deliverables given to customers. The project is archiving and is the subject of evaluation to learn from it
Why do project management?
The complexity of products and services has given rise to the need to introduce efficiency and performance within teams and innovation. However, Project management makes it possible to orchestrate the various activities to achieve the objectives and achieve the expected benefit. However, it requires technical and managerial skills, project management tools, and specific project management methods.
What is a program
A program is a group of projects, other programs and operations grouped, the management of which is coordinated to obtain benefits that would not be possible by treating them separately.
What is a project portfolio
Whenever, a portfolio refers to projects, programs, sub-portfolios and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives. However, the three project structures to know the organization of project management follows different operating structures. Organizational strategy, corporate culture, and management style are determining factors in the success of a project.
The Project management elements are planning, organization, command, coordination and control. It has identified six major activities, which are technical, commercial, financial, accounting, managerial, and security.
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